In many people’s imagination, the island of Madagascar is synonymous with beautiful rainforests and exotic animals found nowhere else. Often absent from this foreign view, however, are the human inhabitants of the island – the Malagasy people. Largely reliant on small-scale agriculture, access to land is crucial for their survival.
Our water footprints have gone global. The drivers include modern agribusiness and the unprecedented reach of value chains. Those living where rain falls or rivers flow may give little thought to the water demands of their lifestyles. Others do not have that privilege. Worldwide, people’s water uses contribute to an increasingly complex web of “virtual” water flows implied in agricultural production, trade, and investment. This datablog entry introduces some of the water issues of global market-driven agricultural investment in developing countries.
The Eastern and Southern Africa Partnership Programme (ESAPP) was launched in 1999 and concluded in 2015. This storymap summarizes experiences and knowledge gained from 15 years of partnership-based research and action in Africa. It presents 24 representative highlights carefully selected from over 300 small-grant projects carried out in Madagascar, Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia, and Eritrea.
Sustainable Land Management is simply about people looking after the land – for the present and for the future
Sustainable Land Management (SLM) means maintaining healthy land resources – soil, water, vegetation, and animals – including their productive functions (e.g. food security), ecological functions (e.g. water, nutrient, and carbon cycles), and biodiversity.
Growing flowers and vegetables for export is a vital source of revenue for Kenya and other East African countries. It provides jobs for local people, including women, and creates market channels for small-scale farmers to sell their crops. But working conditions and employment terms must be improved. Moreover, the industry is a major water consumer, competing for declining river water with other uses. This is a problem during the dry season, which corresponds with Europe's winter. Near Mt Kenya, the sector is shifting from using river water to relying more on stored water and boreholes.